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Beginner DIY mechanic. Basic tools check list and order of most urgent please?

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  • Beginner DIY mechanic. Basic tools check list and order of most urgent please?

    Hi all,

    I have just had to take over the maintenance of my 120 Series, 1KZ-TE 3ltr turbo diesel.

    **No negative comments please**

    I was going through the books the other day when I was being taken through how to change an oil filter and basics like that.

    There has been massive things overlooked for what ever reason. Weíre not talking slightly over looked... She is more then 100,000 kms over due to have her propeller shaft lubed and tighten. No diff oil changed for at least 90,000kms. Etc.

    So Iím now taking on the maintenance myself. Iíll be jumping in head first as it were.

    The responsibility of full car maintenance will be a first for me, itís a huge learning curve.. I have certainly never looked after a 4WD before.

    I do 600kms a week easy. She is my only mode of transportation & I feel like she has been run into the ground.

    Iím not asking for help, just advice. I need to get a proper handle on her condition & fix her as quickly and cheaply as possible. To have her at optimal running condition. I have no tools of my own but I can lend some in the meantime.

    I would like to get my own tools though, I donít want to be given a Ďbum steerí as it were about buying crap tools that wonít meet my basic needs by sales men.

    Could you please let me know your most used tools on a 1KZ-TE and what brands you like best? Why? Were they value for money?

    As for some of the things that need doing, I would think replacing the lubes oils and greasing up would be my first port of call followed by calibration and valve clearance, fuel filter a very close second?

    What has been neglected for 100,00kms or more are:

    1) Diff oils front & back
    2) Transmission & Transfer case oil checks
    3) Engine valve clearance
    4) Fuel filter and water settlement checks, lines and connections.
    5) Propeller shaft & drive shaft, engine & body mounts checks.
    6) Radiator checks & flush
    7) Brakes checks & flush, vacuum pump checks, lines and connections checks.
    8) I have a CV boot that is apparently cable tied somehow. I donít know how, I havenít got down to look at it yet. He said it was a few services ago so itís been that way for about 2 years (my car was put off for maintenance for 12 months) apparently itís not leaking grease. There are no strange shutters or noises.

    These are just the major ones I have found so far. As I said iím on a limited budget and need to get these things fixed ASAP. Iíd also like to get enough tools behind me to maintain her properly though.

    I did just buy a workshop manual so I can get started on finding out the processes to fix her but there is nothing in there about order for a neglected car and whatís best to do first, nor about best tools to own to get the basics for what needs to be done to maintain her properly. What should I be looking for?

    Any advice is greatly appreciated.

    Thanks in advance.

    Last edited by Jasmine; 02-03-2018, 04:42 PM.

  • #2
    Basically the usual assortment of spanners and socket sets (1/4 and 3/8 drive) ranging from 8mm to 19 or 21mm. The only extra tools I can think of are a 10mm hex key socket for the front diff, 36mm socket for front axle nuts (6pt impact), 24mm ring/OE or offset ring for gearbox/transfer plugs. An oil filter removal tool is useful as it can be hard to get at due aircleaner, to adjust the valves you need the special tool to hold down the buckets.
    Repco tools are OK, as are the Toolpro/SWG from SCA if you can get them cheap, sometimes they are up to 50% off if you get lucky. Maybe watch ebuy for Sidchrome or Kinchrome, but I wouldn't pay full price for either. When I started collecting tools 40odd yrs ago I started with a fairly basic kit and added the tools I required singly as needed. Also keep an eye out on ebuy for Warren and Brown torque wrenches coming up s/hand. Ideally a 10-120in/lb then another ranging 20-120ft/lb, but if you get onto things like axle nuts and prop shafts you need to go to 200ft/lb+. If you can, buy good gear second hand in preference to discount store garbage, because you will hand down good tools to your grandkids.
    I am sure others can add the tools I have missed.


    • #3
      Regular oil changes are the most important thing. Most diesel owners are doing 5k change intervals. The oil filter tool should be the 1/2 inch socket type so you can put a long extension on it, don't get the side lever type. When buying socket sets get the 6 sided hex sockets not the 12 point sockets. Both 1/4 and a 1/2 inch sets are needed in metric sizes also a long breaker bar. Your tool collection will grow as you do more work and there is plenty of good advice on Pradopoint and Youtube videos. Don't get under a car supported only by a jack, use additiional stands on chassis rails or axle.
      2008 D4D GXL